VM Tools – install

Installing and Upgrading VMware Tools

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VMware Tools is a suite of utilities that enhances the performance of the virtual machine’s guest operating system and improves management of the virtual machine. Installing VMware Tools in the guest operating system is vital. Although the guest operating system can run without VMware Tools, you lose important functionality and convenience.
The VMware Tools service (VMwareService.exe on Windows guests or vmware-guestd on Linux and Solaris guests). This service synchronizes the time in the guest operating system with the time in the host operating system. On Windows guests, it also controls grabbing and releaseing the mouse cursor.
A set of VMware device drivers, including an SVGA display driver, the vmxnet networking driver for some guest operating systems, the BusLogic SCSI driver for some guest operating systems, the memory control driver for efficient memory allocation between virtual machines, the sync driver to quiesce I/O for Consolidated Backup, and the VMware mouse driver.
A set of scripts that helps you to automate guest operating system operations. The scripts run when the virtual machine’s power state changes if you configure them to do so.
The VMware user process (VMwareUser.exe on Windows guests or vmware-user on Linux and Solaris guests), which enables you to copy and paste text between the guest and managed host operating systems.
The VMware Tools user process is not installed on NetWare operating systems. Instead, the vmwtool program is installed. It controls the grabbing and releasing of the mouse cursor. It also allows you copy and paste text.
You can optionally install WYSE Multimedia Redirector, which improves streaming video performance in Windows guest operating systems running on WYSE thin client devices.
Configure the guest operating system before installing or reinstalling VMware Tools. This enables VMware tools to determine the correct mouse configuration and module configuration.
Note If the guest operating system is installed but not correctly configured when you install VMware Tools, the VMware Tools installation does not work correctly. This can cause the guest operating system to crash.
Note If you do not have VMware Tools installed in your virtual machine, you cannot use the shutdown or restart options. You can use only the Power options. If you want to shut down the guest operating system, shut it down from within the virtual machine console before you power off the virtual machine.
The installers for VMware Tools for Windows, Linux, Solaris, and NetWare guest operating systems are built into ESX Server as ISO image files. An ISO image file looks like a CD-ROM to your guest operating system and even appears as a CD-ROM disc in Windows Explorer. You do not use an actual CD-ROM disc to install VMware Tools, nor do you need to download the CD-ROM image or burn a physical CD-ROM of this image file.
When you choose to install VMware Tools, VMware VirtualCenter temporarily connects the virtual machine’s first virtual CD-ROM disk drive to the ISO image file that contains the VMware Tools installer for your guest operating system. You are ready to begin the installation process.
Note If you are using a WYSE thin client device and want to install WYSE Multimedia Support along with VMware Tools, see Custom VMware Tools Installation. You must use the custom installation path in order to install WYSE Multimedia Support.
From inside the virtual machine, click OK to confirm that you want to install VMware Tools and launch the InstallShield wizard.
If you have autorun enabled in your guest operating system (the default setting for Windows operating systems), a dialog box appears.
If autorun is not enabled, run the VMware Tools installer. Click Start > Run and enter D:setup.exe, where D: is your first virtual CD-ROM drive.
After you install VMware Tools, Windows 2000 and Windows XP guest operating systems must be rebooted to use the new driver.
If you see a VMware Tools CD icon on the desktop, double-click it, and after it opens, double-click the RPM installer in the root of the CD-ROM.
In some Linux distributions, the VMware Tools CD icon might fail to appear. In this case, continue install VMware Tools from the command line.
Click Continue when the installer presents a dialog box that shows Completed System Preparation.
A dialog box appears with a progress bar. When the installer is done, VMware Tools is installed. There is no confirmation or finish button.
In an X terminal, as root (su –), run the following file to configure VMware Tools:
As root (su –), mount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image and change to a working directory (for example, /tmp), as follows.
Note Some Linux distributions automatically mount CD-ROMs. If your distribution uses automounting, do not use the mount and umount commands described in this procedure. You still must untar the VMware Tools installer to /tmp.
Some Linux distributions use different device names or organize the /dev directory differently. Modify the following commands to reflect the conventions used by your distribution:
Note If you have a previous installation, delete the previous vmware-tools-distrib directory before installing. The default location of this directory is:
Where is the build/revision number of the Workstation release.
Where is the build/revision number of the Workstation release.
Note If you attempt to install an rpm installation over a tar installation—or the reverse—the installer detects the previous installation and must convert the installer database format before continuing.
Log in as root (su –) and, if necessary, mount the VMware Tools virtual CD-ROM image, as follows.
Usually, the Solaris volume managervold—mounts the CD-ROM under /cdrom/vmwaretools. If the CD-ROM is not mounted, restart the volume manager using the following commands:
When the installation finishes, the message VMware Tools for NetWare are now running appears in the Logger Screen (NetWare 6.5 and NetWare 6.0 guests) or the Console Screen (NetWare 5.1 guests).

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